Science under the spotlight

Biennal Ciutat i Ciència - Mètode científic

Concept, integrity, equality

At the Biennial, various activities questioned science from within science itself: its methods, progress, social repercussions, its place in culture... You can now revisit all these reflections through their videos.

In this framework, which involves looking at science from the perspective of philosophy, ethics, sociology and politics, the Biennial hosted the round table discussion Science in Question. In it, the moral philosopher Nuria Sara Miras, the philosophers of science José Antonio Díez and Albert Solé, and the expert in ethics and artificial intelligence Pilar Dellunde debated the very concept of science. Specifically, they put it in a historical context and analysed its relationship with society over time in order to understand the perception that citizens today have of this body of knowledge obtained from observation, the formulation of hypotheses, experimentation and the search for evidence.

This search for evidence through the scientific method requires following rules inherent to its principles. For example, the results must be objective, free of bias, manipulation and conflicts of interest, reproducible, justifiable, transparent... Failure to follow rules such as these leads to the corruption of the activity and, sometimes, the press reports on cases of scientific malpractice. At the round table Research and Integrity, María Blasco, director of the National Cancer Research Centre, Jordi Camí, director of the Barcelona Biomedical Research Park, the philosopher Joan Manuel del Pozo and the bioethics expert Núria Terribas talked about all these aspects and discussed the good practices of the different agents that constitute the science system.